The Lasting Legacy of Slavery and Those Who Fought It

shacklesTonight (January 8th, 2013) brings the premiere of the new PBS American Experience miniseries, “The Abolitionists.” The historical series details the lives of Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Angelina Grimké, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and John Brown, and their historic efforts to abolish slavery and the slave trade in the United States.

This mini-series is just one piece in what seems to be a newly renewed interest in a sad period of American history where it was legal to own slaves, and a war had to be fought to guarantee the freedom of an entire segment of the U.S. population. In movie theaters, two recent hits are Lincoln (about President Abraham Lincoln’s efforts to pass the 13th Amendment which permanently outlawed slavery) and Django Unchained (about a former slave seeking vengeance). Number two on the New York Times best seller list of paperback nonfiction is Team of Rivals, the Lincoln biography that inspired the film Lincoln. Later this year will see the release of the independent film Twelve Years a Slave, starring Chiwetel Ejiofor and Brad Pitt. The film is an adaptation of the famous memoir of the same name by Solomon Northup, a free born black man who was kidnapped and sold into slavery in 1841.

What is behind this renewed interest in the Slavery era and the Civil War? Why are people today suddenly so drawn towards looking back at this horrific period in American history? It’s hard to say. January 1, 2013 marked the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, but it’s certainly more than that. Perhaps in this time, in which we feel irrevocably divided as a country politically, there are lessons to be learned from a period where a moral argument led to a war between the states. Maybe as we continue into the second term of the United States’ first black president, we can look back at a time when people were bought, sold, tortured, and killed just for the color of their skin, and see how far we’ve come, and unfortunately how much further we have to go.

Today (January 8th) also marks the 202nd anniversary of the 1811 German Coast Uprising, the largest slave revolt in U.S. history. Though fifty years before the Civil War, this event showed the considerable discontent and anger amongst American slaves. The story of this uprising will be covered in an upcoming book from Morgan Reynolds Publishing detailing a number of North American slave rebellions. The book is being written by David Aretha who wrote a number of acclaimed titles from Morgan Reynolds Publishing’s Civil Rights Movement series. The book will be one of six in a series about slavery, from it’s beginnings in Africa to an examination of slave life and culture, set to be published in Fall 2013.

For more reading about this time period and the abolitionists who helped change the nation, check out The Liberator: The Story of William Lloyd Garrison (ISBN 978-1-59935-137-7 ) and Unbound and Unbroken: The Story of Frederick Douglass (ISBN 978-1-59935-136-0), both by Amos Esty, from your local library, or purchase them from Morgan Reynolds Publishing.

– Josh Barrer

Associate Editor

Except for the fact that President Barack Obama and former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney are both Harvard-educated lawyers, the two presidential candidates seem to have little else in common.

 Mitt Romney grew up in a two-parent home, in a posh suburb of Detroit, Michigan, where his father was governor, writes David Aretha, author of Political Profiles: Mitt Romney. “Mitt and his father had an especially close relationship . . .” In fact, Romney once described his father as “the person who I keyed my life off of. He was the person who I looked at as being the definition of a successful human being.” After Harvard, according to Aretha, “Like his father, Mitt rose to the top in the business world, governed a state, and ran for president.”

 Obama, on the other hand, was “named for a father he barely knew, a Kenyan doctor and scholar,” Kerrily Sapet, author of Political Profiles: Barack Obama, writes. Obama was raised by his “devoted mother and grandparents in Hawaii and Indonesia . . . [and] was exposed to different cultures and religions.” After Harvard, Obama took a job with a small Chicago law firm focusing on civil rights cases. Sapet further writes, “He helped organizations trying to build grocery stores, housing, and health clinics in the inner city. At times, he represented victims who were embarrassed and angry at the discrimination they faced.”

 Whatever the differences in their backgrounds and career paths, today Obama and Romney have their eyes set on the same prize: to become president of the United States. Obama wants a second term in office, and Romney wants to unseat him.

 Next week, on October 3, Obama and Romney take part in their first debate, on domestic policy, at the University of Denver in Colorado. They’ll face off a second time, answering questions on foreign and domestic issues, on October 16 at Hofstra University in Hempstead,  New York. Then a third and final debate is set for October 22 at Lynn University in Boca Raton, Florida.

 On October 9, PBS jumps into the mix with its Frontline premiere of “The Choice 2012 ”— “a two-hour documentary that journeys into the places, people and decisive moments that made the men who are competing for the presidency.

  “Barack Obama and Mitt Romney have crafted their campaign narratives, telling you who they are, what they’ve done, and how they would lead America. But there’s more to their stories,” reports PBS. “FRONTLINE’s top political reporting team spent the last year gathering the rest of the story. More than 100 interviews with those who know the men best contribute to the most ambitious television biographies of the candidates ever created.”

 There are six weeks to go before voters decide which man should win the country’s top job. Until then, there’s still a lot to learn as well as discern.

 Sharon F. Doorasamy

Managing Editor

 To find out more about the presidential candidates, check out David Aretha’s Political Profiles: Mitt Romney (978-1-59935-344-9) and Kerrily Sapet’s Political Profiles: Barack Obama (978-1-59935-045-5).

Published in: on September 26, 2012 at 1:16 pm  Leave a Comment  
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